23 Nov 2015
Child arrests fall by 54 per cent in four years
Arrests of children have fallen by 54 per cent in the last four years, police data obtained by the Howard League for Penal Reform reveal today.
The figures confirm the continued success of a long-running Howard League programme of work to keep as many children as possible out of the criminal justice system.
Every police service in England and Wales made fewer child arrests in 2014 than in 2010, with some constabularies reducing their numbers by more than 70 per cent.
Several police services have reviewed their arrest procedures and policies as a result of the Howard League’s engagement with them.
Police made 245,763 arrests of children aged 17 and under during 2010, but that number has fallen every year since. There were 112,037 arrests during 2014, of which boys accounted for 83 per cent and girls accounted for 17 per cent.
The sharp reduction in arrests has led to a significant fall in the number of children in prison – down by 56 per cent since January 2010.
Due to improvements in recording practices, for the first time the Howard League is able to publish a briefing paper that includes a robust breakdown of child arrests by ethnicity for 2013 and 2014.
The figures show that BME children accounted for 23 per cent of all child arrests last year. The proportion of BME children in penal custody is much higher, however, and now stands at 42 per cent. This disparity, between the proportion of BME child arrests and the incarceration rate, raises questions for both the Crown Prosecution Service and the Youth Courts.
Frances Crook, Chief Executive of the Howard League for Penal Reform, said: “The Howard League has worked closely with police forces round the country to stem the flow of children being sucked into the criminal justice system. The fantastic success of our programme of work and the police improvement to their practices means that thousands of children have not had their life chances blighted. It is for parents and schools to deal with normal childish challenging behaviour, not the police. It is to the credit of the police that they have introduced restorative approaches and given front line officers discretion to make professional decisions.”
Child arrest figures for England and Wales:
Notes to editors
- The Howard League for Penal Reform is the oldest penal reform charity in the UK. It is a national charity working for less crime, safer communities and fewer people in prison.
- The Howard League for Penal Reform made freedom of information requests for data from all police services in England and Wales.
- More information about the research can be found in the Howard League Child arrests in England and Wales 2014 briefing paper.
- Child arrest data from each police service in England and Wales is shown in the table below:
|Police service area||2010||2011||2012||2013||2014|
|Avon and Somerset||7,255||5,608||4,321||2,929||2,342|
|British Transport Police*||1,461||1,399||1,366|
|City of London||273||192||136||122||77|
|Devon and Cornwall||4,132||3,363||2,398||1,431||1,470|
|Thames Valley Police****||8,012||6,539||2,531||3,808||3,225|
|West Mercia Police||5,491||3,442||2,664||1,758||1,418|
*British Transport Police was not sent FOI requests in 2010 and 2011.
**Half of Derbyshire Police’s figures for 2012 were lost when a new system was introduced.
***Greater Manchester Police and Lincolnshire Police were unable to supply data for 2010.
****Thames Valley Police’s data for 2012 is limited to the period 15 May to 31 December, as the introduction of a new custody management database meant the force was unable to extract data from the system.
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